Determining some of the potential hazards in a job site is considered an important step before the hazards finally become a problem. We often hear about Job Safety Analysis but many of us still don’t know what it stands for. Job safety analysis is the analysis of a work condition to determine some of the risk involved and how to make them less risky. By completing this process, it means that you have planned the job and the employees can now work safely.
For JSA to be effective enough, it should covered every part of the job. If a particular project has various tasks being done at the same time, there will be a need for many JSAS. Job safety analysis should be handle by a person who understands better the potential risks involved in a workplace. Mostly, this person is always the supervisor.
Once you have had a clear understanding of the nature of the work, you can now divide them into manageable steps. The steps should be specific to the job and also the work area. This means that the step will only change if the work area changes. Avoid making too detailed steps as they may make the JSA difficult to follow. Nevertheless, under detailed steps may also miss some of the potential threats.
After breaking down he steps, you should then determine the risks involved in each. This is the most daunting JSA part. Here, the main objective is to determine everything that may be dangerous in terms of safety and health. Identify how the surrounding, people and even the materials used may become hazardous. There are certain factors that may help you identify the threats and such include other projects going on around the job site, what caused some of the past injuries and also regulatory requirements.
After identifying the hazards, the next stage is to determine the most effective control for them. Determining controls means explaining how to eliminate the dangers or how to reduce the risks. Once the three stages are over, the job hazard analysis should be well developed hence the right time to share it with the workers. The job hazard analysis will only serve its purpose it the when the employees have grasped every idea about it.
Before work starts, it is of importance to review the JSA just to ensure that the crew understands better the nature of the work. Work plans often change and when this happens, it is a must for the JSA to be reviewed so that every new threat is reflected and shared with all the employees.